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Kant et Nāgārjuna

Defined by Walter Watson as "the most important philosophical discovery of the twentieth century," pluralism appeared in the Anglo-American philosophical domain of the 1980s to avow that, contrarily to what believed the continental schools of deconstruction, the demonstration of truth by a philosophical text is possible, and, what is more, such truth accepts multiple formulations. This book recovers the notion of pluralism from its original conception by the philosophers of the State University of New York and develops it towards a more precise idea of philosophical textual plurality. While the eternal forms of thought were correctly classified by pluralism in its "Archic Matrix," the differentiation between deductive and inductive approaches to the construction of a philosophical text allow for the understanding of how such a text can achieve a self-sufficient logical system. The difference between analytic and synthetic judgments, the first founding all deductive approaches to reality, and the second establishing all inductive processes, appears as the textual principle that allows the demonstration of an unconditional truth according to the mind's cognitive limits. The end of all hermeneutic function to philosophy is argued from the synthesis of two systems where the analytical/deductive approach discloses a unique and irreducible truth: the systems of Kant and of Nāgārjuna. From a comparative approach that places Kant's text under the light of the Sanskrit writings of Nāgārjuna, this book achieves a synthesis of the two systems and demonstrates the correspondence of the logical processes that found the notions of the Buddhist nirvāna and that of the Kantian categorical imperative. In this fashion, pluralism's fundamental discovery appears amidst an absolute truth that operates beyond the boundaries imposed on human thought by the notions of East and West.