Roberto Machado
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Kant et Nāgārjuna

Defined by Walter Watson as "the most important philosophical discovery of the twentieth century," pluralism appeared in the Anglo-American philosophical domain of the 1980s to avow that, contrarily to what believed the continental schools of deconstruction, the demonstration of truth by a philosophical text is possible, and, what is more, such truth accepts multiple formulations. This book recovers the notion of pluralism from its original conception by the philosophers of the State University of New York and develops it towards a more precise idea of philosophical textual plurality. While the eternal forms of thought were correctly classified by pluralism in its "Archic Matrix," the differentiation between deductive and inductive approaches to the construction of a philosophical text allow for the understanding of how such a text can achieve a self-sufficient logical system. The difference between analytic and synthetic judgments, the first founding all deductive approaches to reality, and the second establishing all inductive processes, appears as the textual principle that allows the demonstration of an unconditional truth according to the mind's cognitive limits. The end of all hermeneutic function to philosophy is argued from the synthesis of two systems where the analytical/deductive approach discloses a unique and irreducible truth: the systems of Kant and of Nāgārjuna. From a comparative approach that places Kant's text under the light of the Sanskrit writings of Nāgārjuna, this book achieves a synthesis of the two systems and demonstrates the correspondence of the logical processes that found the notions of the Buddhist nirvāna and that of the Kantian categorical imperative. In this fashion, pluralism's fundamental discovery appears amidst an absolute truth that operates beyond the boundaries imposed on human thought by the notions of East and West.

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Tokyo Jazz

Ambientado no submundo das casas de jazz de Tóquio, Tokyo Jazz conta a história de um grupo de artistas que desafiam a condição de estrangeiro em uma sociedade complexa que raramente alcançam compreender. Em meio a prostitutas, traficantes e cafetinas, esses artistas buscam um objetivo comum: escapar da sempre iminente possibilidade de deportação e permanecer em um país fascinante que ao mesmo tempo os atrai e repele. A beleza do Japão e os mistérios da vida noturna de Tóquio formam o cenário de um desejo crescente de ficar e de pertencer. Quando um evento inesperado leva um desses estrangeiros à beira de um abismo, no entanto, tudo parece chegar ao fim. Permanecer ou fugir, lutar ou desistir, torna-se um dilema cuja resolução significa, em última instância, viver ou morrer.

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Brazilian History

This book offers the reader a critical and interdisciplinary introduction to Brazilian history. Combining a didactic approach with insightful historical analysis, it discusses the main political, cultural, and social developments that took place in the Latin American country from 1500 to 2010. The historical narrative leads the reader step by step and in chronological succession to a clear understanding of the countrys three main historical periods: namely, the Colonial Period (1500-1822), the Empire (1822-1889), and the Republic (1889-present). Each phase is treated separately and subdivided according to the political developments and successive regional forces that controlled the nations territory throughout the centuries. At the end of each section, an individual chapter discusses the foremost cultural and artistic developments of the period, engaging perspectives on literature, music, and the visual arts, including cinema. Through its multifaceted approach, the book explores economic history, foreign policy, education and social history, as well as literary and artistic history to reveal the multiethnic and culturally diversified nature of Brazil in all its fullness.