Roberto Machado

Selected Academic Articles



Nothingness and the work of art

This article offers a comparative perspective on the philosophy Martin Heidegger, Jean-Paul Sartre and Nishida Kitarō on the theme of nothingness and aesthetics. It contrasts Sartre's concept of consciousness with Heidegger's ontology of the work of art and Nishida's notions of poiesis and mu no basho.  

Roberto Pinheiro Machado, “Nothingness and the Work of Art: A Comparative Approach to Existential Phenomenology and the Ontological Foundation of Aesthetics,” Philosophy East and West,ISSN‎: ‎0031-8221, 58:2, April 2008, p. 244-266 (University of Hawaii – United States).



This article analysis the notion of vijñaptimātra in the philosophy of 5th century Indian philosopher Vasubandhu. The original Sanskrit text of the Triṃśikā is read side by side with various English translations to suggest a new possibility of translating and interpreting Vasubandhu's philosophy.  

Roberto Pinheiro Machado, “Vijñaptimātravijñaptimātratāvibhāga: Translating Vijñaptimātra and Vijñaptimātratā in the Philosophy of Vasubandhu,”The Indian International Journal of Buddhist Studies, ISSN: 0972-1893, Vol. 16, 2015, p. 115-150.


Phenomenology from Robbe-grillet to julio cortázar

This article analyses the relation between Husserlian and Heideggerian phenomenology and the works of French writer Alain Robbe-Grillet and Argentine Julio Cortázar. Phenomenology's descriptive method is seen in terms of Husserl's phenomenological reduction and as a mode of literary writing. The article argues that both writers instatiate a "poetics of presence" through the use of the phenomenological method in literary composition.

Roberto Pinheiro Machado, “Phenomenology from Robbe-Grillet to Julio Cortázar: An Essay on the Poetics of Presence,” Canadian Review of Comparative Literature, ISSN: 1913-9659, Issue 42.3, September 2015, p. 271-294.


hagiwara sakutarō and Buddhism

This article approaches the works of poet Hagiwara Sakutarō (1886-1942) from a comparative perspective that engages philosophy and literature. The philosophical dimension of Sakutarō’s poetry is analyzed by means of inter-textual readings that draw on the tradition of Buddhist epistemology and on the texts of logicians Dignāga and Dharmakīrti (5th century). The comparative analysis is considered under the perspective of the influence of Naturalism and the use of description in the emergence of Japanese modern poetry. Pointing to the possibility of a Buddhist realism that shares some common characteristics with Naturalism, the article emphasizes the Buddhist dimension of Sakutarō’s poetry, which can be noted in spite of the poet’s turn to Western philosophy.  

Roberto Pinheiro Machado, “Hagiwara Sakutarō, Buddhist Realism, and the Establishment of Japanese Modern Poetry,” Estudos Japoneses (University of São Paulo), n. 35, p. 71-103, 2015.